Regulations on Nutrition Labeling for Prepackaged Food Products
1. This regulation is established under the provisions of Item 3 of Article 22 of the Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation.
2. The terms used in this regulation are defined as follows:
(1) Trans fats (fatty acids): all the geometrical isomers of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids having non-conjugated carbon-carbon double bonds in the trans configuration.
(2) Carbohydrates: namely saccharides; the sum of carbohydrates.
(3) Sugars: the sum of all free mono and disaccharides.
(4) Dietary fibers: lignin and edible carbohydrate polymers with three or more monomeric units, which are not hydrolysed or absorbed by the endogenous enzymes in the small intestine of humans.
(5) Nutrition claims: any representation which states, suggests or implies that a food product has particular calorie or nutrition properties.
3. The nutrition labeling for a prepackaged food on the market shall provide the following information f rom top to bottom in tabular form orderly shown at a conspicuous place of the outer package or container of the product.
(1) Title of the “Nutrition Facts”.
(2) Per one serving (or per serving) and the number of servings contained in each package of the product.
(3) “Per serving (or per one serving)”, “per 100 grams (or milliliters)” or “per serving (or per one serving)”, “daily percentage reference value”.
(4) Contents of calories.
(5) Contents of protein.
(6) Contents of fats, saturated fats (or saturated fatty acids), and trans fats (or trans fatty acids).
(7) Contents of carbohydrates and sugar.
(8) Contents of sodium.
(9) Conformed to the definition of nutrition claim of Article 2 or contents of other nutrients declared in the “Regulations on Nutrition Claim for Prepackaged Food Products”. Contents of other nutrients labeled voluntarily by the manufacturer.
Each or total dietary fiber, each sugar, sugar alcohol labeled voluntarily by the manufacturer can be labeled behind carbohydrates item, and after sugar item. Cholesterol, other fatty acids can be labeled behind fat item, and after trans fats (fatty acids) item. Amino acids can be labeled behind protein item.
If the vertical form can’t be fully presented, it can be labeled in horizontal continuous form.
If multiple prepackaged food or tastes are commonly used in the same nutrient labeling, it can be combined.
Nutrition labeling on surface areas smaller than 100 cm2 can be labeled those nutrition information sequentially in horizontal table form.
4. Caloric and nutritional content labeling for prepackaged foods on the market shall be labeled in Arabic numerals and processed under the following provisions:
(1) Use “per one serving (or per serving)” and “per 100 grams (or milliliters)” for labeling, and the number of servings contained in each package of the product shall also be specified; or
(2) Use “per one serving (or per serving)” and the provided “daily percentage of reference value” for labeling, and the number of servings contained in each package of the product shall also be specified. Labels shall also be specified the daily nutrient intake reference value if the daily nutrient intake reference value has been set (exempted from the prepackaged food surface areas smaller than 100 cm2). For products without a set daily nutrient intake reference value, the “*” symbol shall precede the daily percentage reference value line and clearly note “*Reference value not set.”
Regarding the formatting of Clauses 1 and 2 in the preceding item shall refer to Appendix 1. Infant foods and shall be labeled according to the format of Clause 1 in the preceding item. Products in the form of tablets and capsules (excluding candy foods) shall be labeled according to the format of Clause 2 in the preceding item.
5. The weight (quantity or volume) per serving of the various packaged food products shall consider every times consumption derived from domestic dietary habits and prepackaged food product type. Food products in the form of tablets and capsules (excluding candy foods) shall be labeled as recommended amount (shall be an integer).
6. Measure units for prepackaged food nutrition labeling shall be labelled the following regulations:
(1) Solid (semi-solid) shall be expressed in grams (g); liquid shall be expressed in milliliters (mL or ml).
(2) Caloric value is expressed in kilocalories (Kcal or kcal).
(3) Proteins, fats, saturated fats (fatty acids), and trans fats (fatty acids), total mono or polyunsaturated fats (fatty acids), carbohydrates, sugars, dietary fibers, and sugar alcohols are expressed in grams (g).
(4) Sodium, cholesterols, and amino acids are expressed in milligrams (mg).
(5) Vitamins and minerals units refer to Appendix 1.
(6) Other nutritional values are expressed using the metric system or their common symbols.
If product with nutrition claims requires re-hydration, the nutrition labeling must comply with the content (“per serving, per one serving” or “per 100 milliliters”) after re-hydration. If product without nutrition claims requires re-hydration, the nutrition labeling can be in according to the content before or after re-hydration. The re-hydration method shall be stated clearly shown at the outer package.
7. Daily caloric and other nutrient intake reference values shall be labeled according to Appendix 1.
8. The nutrient contents of energy, protein, fats, carbohydrate, sodium, saturated fats (fatty acids), trans fats (fatty acids) and sugars may be labeled as "0" if it meets the criteria in Appendix 2.
9. Data formatting of prepackaged food nutrition labeling units shall conform to the following regulations:
(1) Each quantity, serving number, daily percentage reference value, caloric, protein, amino acid, fat, fatty acid, cholesterol, carbohydrate, sugar, sodium, dietary fiber, and other nutrients labeled voluntarily shall be labeled using whole integers or integers with one decimal point. The amount of caloric or nutrients per serving can be labeled using integers with two decimal points when the amount of caloric or nutrients per 100 grams (or milliliters) isn’t meet the criteria of labeling as "0".
(2) The serving size (weight or capacity) can be labeled using integers with two decimal points when it is too small to present the real value if labeled using integers with one decimal points.
(3) When an non-assembled prepackaged product with varied weight or its serving number is not divisible, the serving number can be labeled as “ This package contains (about) ○ serving(s)” after data formatting to whole integers.
(4) Labels for vitamins and minerals shall not exceed three significant figures.
(5) Data formatting shall refer to the Chinese National Standard CNS2925 “Practices for Designating Significant Places in Specific Limiting Values” or “Round half up” method.
10. The values on the nutritional labels of prepackaged foods must be derived from actual test analysis or calculations, and the range of allowable error shall meet the criteria in Appendix 3. If the characteristics of specific nutrient content of fermented food may change with time, the variation of the nutrients can be annotated.
11. The caloric calculation methods for nutritional labels of prepackaged foods shall conform to the following regulations:
(1) Protein calories are calculated at 4 Kcal per gram.
(2) Fats (fatty acids) calories are calculated at 9 Kcal per gram.
(3) Carbohydrate calories are calculated at 4 Kcal per gram, except for carbohydrates in dietary fiber labeling, in which calories are calculated at 2 Kcal per gram.
(4) Calories for erythritol labeling are calculated at 0 Kcal per gram. Calories for other sugar alcohol labeling are calculated at 2.4 Kcal per gram. Calories for organic acid labeling are calculated at 3 Kcal per gram. Calories for alcohol (ethanol) labeling are calculated at 7 Kcal per gram. The content of sugar alcohol shall be stated clearly in the nutrition labeling format. The content of organic acid and alcohol (ethanol) shall be stated clearly.
(5) Calories for each serving can be calculated from the calories values per 100 grams (or milliliters), or calculated from the calories values of protein, fats, and carbohydrates per 100 grams (or milliliters) by (1) to (4) role.
12. This regulation shall not apply to prepackaged foods such as prepackaged vitamins or mineral category tablets/capsules.